Santorini Myth and History

In historical books we will find Santorini  as Strogili, Thira, Kallisti.

An island that legends say was formed by a piece of soil from Libya that the Argonaut Euphemus the son of Poseidon threw into the sea .

The French geologist F. Fouqué called it Pompeii of the Aegean and many connect the long time adventures of the island with the tragic fate and the lost kingdom of Atlantis.


It all began with continues eruptions and volcano activity until the Neolithic period (5000 BC) that created a single island that its circular shape was called Strogili.

The first settlers brought rapid growth in agriculture and maritime trade and by 1500 BC their culture raised to its peak.

It was in that period that the volcano explosions started again and the residents were forced to flee from the island, taking with them everything valuable they had.

The whole island was buried under a thick layer of  volcanic rocks and tremendous explosions made ​​the central part of the island fall and sink into an abyss (caldera) 800 m depth. Sea rushed and overwhelmed the point that once was land. The destruction was accompanied by a tsunami with huge waves spreading all across the Aegean Sea. The day became night and the ash burned all vegetation within a radius of several kilometers. The 1500 BC eruption was one of the largest ever recorded in history, the tsunami and the earthquake that followed the eruption is also associated with the destruction of the Minoan civilization in Crete. Furthermore looking at the data describing the mythical Atlantis we will find much in common: a continent that sank while it was at its peak, with descriptions that match the soil of Santorini. But the question remains: Did Atlantis exist or was it a myth inspired by Plato's view of the facts about the great volcano eruption, the  consequence of humans not respecting the gods.

During the centuries the volcano activity continued from 1500 BC until 1950 there were 14 explosions.

After the catastrophic year of 1500 BC Santorini was settled from several inhabitants: Phoenicians, Dorians, Ptolemaic Egyptians, Romans, Franks, Ottomans.

Culturally the island developed slowly, facing wars and conquerors, nevertheless until the 20th century it continued to flourish.

5 years after the last 1950 volcano explosion in 1956 a great the earthquake came to flatten almost everything. By late 1970 the island was almost deserted, and then slowly began to rise again.

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